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Dangerous complications of cerebral infarction



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Cerebral infarction is considered a dangerous disease that can take a patient's life in an instant. In recent years, the rate of patients with cerebral infarction has increased rapidly. Most of the cases occurred in middle-aged and elderly people with a history of cardiovascular disease, and some cases of cerebral infarction occurred in young patients.

How dangerous is a cerebral infarction and what are its complications?

Dangerous complications of cerebral infarction

The danger of cerebral infarction

A cerebral infarction is a condition in which the brain is deprived of oxygen, causing brain cells to die after only a few minutes. When a patient has a cerebral infarction, it is necessary to take the patient to medical facilities for treatment as soon as possible. Currently, the best treatment for cerebral infarction is “brain reperfusion”.

When having a cerebral infarction, the patient can fall into a state of total or partial paralysis, a deep coma, or even death.

The danger of cerebral infarction

Cerebral infarction is not only a leading cause of death but also makes patients disabled, unknowingly becoming an economic burden for families and society.

There are many causes of cerebral infarction, but the most typical are causes such as atherosclerosis, cerebral vascular occlusion, heart-related diseases, or blood diseases. Besides, there are other causes such as smoking, excess cholesterol, diabetes, being overweight...

Dangerous complications of cerebral infarction

Partial or total paralysis of the body

After a patient experiences a cerebrovascular accident, the complications will affect health depending on the severity from severe to mild. Most common complications such as partial or total paralysis of the patient's body. In this case, the patient needs help from the family in daily activities. Along with that, it is also necessary to pay attention to the symptoms of skin ulcers, pneumonia ... because the patient has limited movement or lies in one place for a long time.

Partial or total paralysis of the body

When experiencing a critical episode of cerebral infarction, during the recovery process, patients are often encouraged to do exercises from light to heavy levels, stimulating the ability to grasp and walk.

Language and visual impairment

Cerebral infarction will directly affect the function of the brain. Patients will have limited language, limited ability to speak or even not speak because the brain area responsible for this function has been severely damaged. To improve this condition, patients are often given exercises by help them to communicate more.

Besides having difficulty speaking, many people also suffer from blurred vision in one or both eyes which affects their vision in daily life.

Memory decline

Common complications of patients after cerebral infarction are cognitive decline, poor memory, and even memory loss. While resilience is possible, it is very difficult to take on tasks that require mental clarity or complex work.

Urinary disorders

People with stroke will experience urinary incontinence. In this case, it is necessary to ensure good hygiene to avoid urinary tract infections and cause severe mental distress to the patient.

First aid and prevention of cerebral infarction

First aid and prevention of cerebral infarction

When having a cerebral infarction, the patient has 2 cases as follows:

- In case the patient is awake, let the patient lie down, comfortably and quickly call an ambulance to take the patient to the nearest medical facility.

- In case the patient falls into a coma, check the patient's breathing rate (normal breathing, fast breathing, or slow breathing). If the patient is found to have stopped breathing, it is necessary to perform artificial respiration to promptly supply oxygen to the brain and prolong the life-sustaining time of the patient.

In order to prevent cerebral infarction, patients need to maintain a healthy lifestyle, increase fiber-rich foods, limit salt intake, and cholesterol-rich foods and limit alcohol. Actively exercise and limit too much stress on the body.

Early detection and aggressive treatment of cardiovascular and blood diseases will help reduce the risk of cerebral infarction for patients. Get regular health checkups and immediately contact Dr. Binh Tele_Clinic in case of signs of health instability.


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