HEART DISEASE - WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW TO HAVE A HEALTHY HEART
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Heart disease is considered one of the non-communicable diseases with the highest mortality rate in Vietnam. Unlike other fatal diseases, heart disease has clear symptoms and signs. Here are the heart diseases and symptoms to recognize early, so that we can detect and treat them promptly.
How do have a healthy heart?
To have a healthy heart, the first thing we need to master is knowledge about cardiovascular diseases
1. Coronary artery disease
Coronary heart disease is a type of heart disease in which coronary blood vessels are blocked by plaque, depriving the heart of oxygen and causing frequent angina attacks. This condition leads to the risk of heart attack and permanent damage to the heart.
Typical symptoms are easy to recognize in coronary heart disease such as There is a feeling of heaviness in the chest, shortness of breath; often appear left angina pectoris when emotional or doing heavy work; frequent headaches, and dizziness.
Patients need to actively prevent this by changing their living and eating habits such as: Do not eat too much salt, do not eat a lot of bad fats, and regular exercise to enhance metabolism and circulation of blood.
2. Heart valve disease
Heart valve disease occurs when one or more heart valves are unable to open and close to allow blood to flow in one direction. There are two types of heart valve disease: open heart disease and valvular stenosis:
- Heart valve stenosis is when the heart valve is not soft or thickened, sticking to the edges of the valve, limiting the ability to open and close, and obstructing the circulation of blood. As a result, the heart has to pump harder to push the blood through that narrowed portion of the valve;
- Heart valve regurgitation is the opposite of valvular stenosis, in which the heart valves cannot close, allowing blood to flow back into the chambers of the heart. Valve regurgitation is usually caused by a retraction, degeneration, or dilation of the annulus. In some other cases, it may be due to the valve ligament being too long or the rupture of the valvular ligament. When the heart valve is open, the heart has to work harder to compensate for the reflux and process the remaining blood for the next pump.
Some patients with the valvular disease may have a combination of both regurgitation and stenosis at the same time.
3. Myocardial ischemia
Ischemic heart disease, also known as myocardial ischemia, is a disease that occurs when the amount of blood to the heart is reduced, and the heart does not have enough oxygen to pump blood. Decreased blood flow to the heart is the result of partial or complete blockage of the coronary artery area. Myocardial ischemia is a common type of heart disease in many people, this disease reduces the ability of the heart to pump blood, causing damage to the heart muscle leading to arrhythmias, and myocardial infarction.
The most common symptoms of ischemic heart disease are chest pain on the left side with pain in the neck or jaw, shoulder or arm pain, fast heartbeat; often feeling short of breath or interrupted when exercising.
4. Myocardial Infarction
Myocardial infarction is an extremely dangerous type of heart disease. This disease occurs when a part of the blood vessel system is blocked, causing an area of the heart muscle to die due to a lack of blood. From there, the heart does not have enough blood to cause diseases such as heart failure, cardiogenic shock or sudden death, or stroke.
The cause of myocardial infarction is due to atherosclerosis, atheroma gradually accumulates in the walls of blood vessels, and over time will be like a stopper, blocking the circulation of blood in the body.
Myocarditis is often caused by infectious factors, especially the Coxacki virus, as a side effect of drugs or by increased thyroid hormone; In some cases, myocarditis has no known cause.
Usually, this disease has no obvious symptoms in the early stages and is only discovered when the disease has become severe such as cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, swelling of the body, and high blood pressure. The disease at this stage is often difficult to treat and very easy to take the patient's life.
6. Heart failure
As the name suggests, heart failure is a condition in which the heart has lost its entire function and is unable to pump blood to the body as it should.
Heart failure usually occurs in 4 different stages:
- Level 1: This is the onset stage, the patient still has normal activities and does not have any abnormal signs;
- Level 2: Signs of this disease will appear when the patient exercises too much, the patient will feel short of breath, fatigued, and palpitations. These signs are very confusing and often overlooked by patients;
- Level 3: Moderate heart failure. At this stage, the symptoms will manifest clearly and will interfere with the patient's daily activities. This is also the time when most patients go to medical facilities for treatment of heart failure;
- Level 4: Severe heart failure, the patient shows signs of fatigue, cannot perform physical activities, is difficult to live, and receives regular treatment in the hospital.
Heart disease is one of the leading causes of death from non-communicable diseases in the world in general and in Vietnam in particular. The fact that patients need to be proactive in prevention by building a scientific lifestyle, and a healthy diet and should perform periodic cardiovascular screening to detect early symptoms, from which there will be treatment methods reasonable treatment.
Check out the Cardiovascular Screening Package HERE
Or contact Dr. Binh Tele_Clinic via hotline 19009204 for support and more information about heart disease.
CS1: DR. BINH TELE_CLINIC
No. 11-13-15 Tran Xuan Soan, Pham Dinh Ho Ward, Hai Ba Trung District, Hanoi
Email: email@example.com – Website: www.drbinh.com