HOW ARE EAR-NOSE-THROAT RELATED TO EACH OTHER?
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The ear-nose-throat system is the tubes that communicate with each other. Therefore, diseases related to the ear, nose, or throat will affect each part and directly affect other parts of this system. For example, when a patient has a sore throat, it will be accompanied by other signs of rhinitis or tinnitus.
So how is the mechanism of action and the relationship between this ear - nose - throat system?
1. How is the ear-nose-throat system related to each other?
The ear-nose-throat system connects with each other through the sinuses connected to the nose, the pharynx connects to the ears and mastoid bone through the tympanic tube. The mucosal layers surrounding this system are covered and controlled by a very complex nervous system.
Therefore, the ear-nose-throat cavities are connected, so when this area is infected, there will be spread from one cavity to another, mucosal diseases also easy to recur in this area.
2. Typical symptoms of ear-nose-throat diseases
When suffering from diseases of the ear - nose - throat, the patient often has visible signs such as sore throat, sore throat, loss of smell, difficulty breathing, or pain inside the ear.
Due to the complex structure of the ear-nose-throat system, which are interconnected and open cavities, if one of these organs is infected, the surrounding organs will also be affected. become more severe and difficult to treat.
Most of the symptoms of ear-nose-throat diseases are caused mainly by the surrounding environment, typically infection and allergies. Bacterial infection is a condition in which the body is attacked by bacteria or viruses from the environment, causing inflammation and infection in an organ and infecting the surrounding organs. For cases of allergies from the outside environment, most of them are affected by factors such as temperature, weather, or irritants.
Some common diseases of the ear - nose - throat such as:
- Acute nasopharyngitis: This disease usually occurs when the nasopharyngeal mucosa is attacked by bacteria or viruses. Patients will have symptoms such as dry, sore throat; cough with phlegm or dry cough, fever from 38-40 degrees; body aches, and a lot of nasal secretions, causing stuffy 1 or 2 sides of the nose.
- Tonsillitis: The causative agent of this disease is viral or bacterial and causes acute episodes of inflammation lasting 7-10 days. Typical symptoms of this disease are inflammation, swelling of the throat wall and tonsils with a sore throat, and difficulty speaking or swallowing. In some cases of tonsillitis, the pain may be sharp in the ears or head.
- Otitis media is a secondary condition of nasopharyngitis or acute VA that is not well treated and usually occurs in young children. The stages of disease development include ear pain, fever, tinnitus, hearing loss... When it gets worse, the patient will have congestion, pus, pus discharge... This disease, if not treated appropriately, will make people sick. The disease has consequences on the hearing ability of the ear later on.
- Allergic rhinitis: Allergic rhinitis is a disease that often occurs at the time of seasonal changes, allergic agents will make the nasal mucosa more sensitive. Patients will appear with diverse symptoms such as watery eyes, red eyes, itchy nose, continuous sneezing, dry throat...
- Sinusitis: Sinusitis is a condition in which the lining of the sinuses is inflamed and filled with fluid. Usually, this disease often presents with rhinitis. Common symptoms in patients with sinusitis are fever, stuffy nose, craniofacial pain corresponding to the inflamed sinus area, runny nose, etc. Some patients with chronic sinusitis will damage the sinuses. severe and difficult to recover.
3. The relationship between ear - nose - throat to other organs
The ear-nose-throat system is not only the connecting tubes in the body but also the gateway to the outside. Lesions in this area affect not only one site but also other organs.
When the damage occurs in the ear - nose - throat area, in turn, the parts directly linked are the central nervous - respiratory - digestive will also be affected and vice versa. Not only affects the organs directly linked, but the ear-nose-throat area also has a close relationship with the teeth, face, and eyes.
Most of the typical diseases related to the ear-nose-throat are usually sinusitis. Sinusitis can be caused by tooth decay, root cysts, or trigeminal neuralgia. Chronic sinusitis can cause other eye diseases such as retrobulbar optic neuritis, mucinous tumors of the frontal and floor sinuses, or orbital inflammation.
The ear-nose-throat disease seems to be simple, but if not treated properly, it will cause serious consequences. Please contact Dr. Binh Tele_Clinic if you see any unusual signs in the ear-nose-throat area.
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