Diabetes And What You Need To Know
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Diabetes has long been considered a "silent death sentence" for most people because the disease has no specific symptoms and is gradually rejuvenating all over the world. So today, Dr. Binh Tele_Clinic will learn about diabetes and what you need to know about this disease in the article below.
1. What is diabetes?
In Vietnam, diabetes is also known as "diabetes." This disease is a sign of a chronic metabolic disorder, which leads to an inconsistency in the use or production of insulin in the body. Since then, the blood sugar level has been higher than the allowable level. When a person has diabetes, the patient will have a reduced function of absorbing nutrients and energy, leading to high blood sugar, but the body still lacks nutrients. This causes many severe problems in metabolism and directly affects significant organs such as the eyes, kidneys, nervous system and heart.
Currently, diabetes is classified as a dangerous disease because it develops quickly and has no apparent symptoms. Vietnam has a 200% increase in the proportion of patients with diabetes compared to 10 years ago. People with prediabetes are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes after only a short time if not detected in time.
2. Things to know about diabetes
What types of diabetes are there?
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is discovered when the patient's body has a natural insulin deficiency. At this time, the patient needs to be tested and take medication as prescribed by the doctor.
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is diagnosed when the patient's body has abnormal insulin levels exceeding the standard threshold. However, when there is an excess of insulin, the patient's body does not respond to this hormone. This is also the most common type of diabetes, and more alarming is that this disease is getting younger because more and more people are obese. Of course, this disease has no specific symptoms, and you can ultimately have type 2 diabetes without knowing it.
Gestational diabetes only happens to women who are pregnant. Although not all pregnant women have gestational diabetes, in most women, during pregnancy, the hormones in a woman's body are changed or even disordered, so the body's inability to respond to insulin is important entirely possible. The rate of women having gestational diabetes is also relatively high, and they go away after giving birth.
Prediabetes is a state of blood sugar higher than 125mg/dL, and it can develop into type 2 diabetes in a blink of an eye if the person is not detected in time. This condition can be overcome entirely if the patient strictly follows the diet and lifestyle.
Easy signs that you have diabetes
Most diabetes has no apparent symptoms. Patients can only discover that they have diabetes when they go to a doctor and do in-depth tests. However, Dr. Binh Tele_Clinic will give some recognizable signs as follows:
+ Feeling sluggish, despite eating enough meals but still want to eat, feel lack of energy;
+ Unexplained continuous weight loss, urinating more than usual;
+ Blurred vision or narrowed vision, severely impaired vision (this sign is often confused with nearsightedness/farsightedness);
+ Skin takes a long time to heal when there is an open wound;
Physiological disorders in sexual activities frequent gynecological infections, urinary tract infections, dry skin, and easy rashes for both men and women.
Experts and doctors agree that no unique signs warn of type 1 and 2 diabetes. The detection and assessment of diabetes entirely depend on testing, age, disease family history for final results.
For gestational diabetes, the symptoms are sometimes similar to those of type 1, 2 and prediabetes, but the disease goes away after delivery.
3. Dangerous complications of diabetes
People with diabetes may face the following problems: Depression, impaired or lost memory, vision, and hearing; susceptibility to dermatological, gynecological, blood infection, neurological diseases; Heart…
With gestational diabetes, the mother will be more susceptible to preeclampsia than a healthy pregnant mother. There are cases where they will turn to type 2 diabetes after giving birth but not go away on their own. A baby whose mother has gestational diabetes will be more likely to be obese and prone to congenital metabolic disorders.
Treatment methods for diabetes
Usually, the patient will have blood and blood sugar tests; The most routine tests are HbA1C, FPG, and OGTT…
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To treat diabetes, the first method patients need to adjust their diet and lifestyle. The healthy eating method to purify the body and control the indicators at a safe level is suitable for people with diabetes and good for the body's immune system. A healthy diet will support the control of carbohydrates and blood glucose levels.
In addition, patients with diabetes will be prescribed medication by doctors to control blood sugar levels. For patients with type 1 diabetes, doctors will prescribe artificial insulin prescribed by prescription; for patients with type 2 diabetes, they will be prescribed drugs with a mechanism of action similar to glucagon hormone drugs alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, meglitinide, sulfonylureas, thiazolidinedione… and some inhibitor drugs depending on the disease status; But the most important thing is the patient's sense of maintaining a healthy lifestyle and daily exercise.
Diabetes is a disease that is easy to get but difficult to cure and shows signs of rejuvenating patients. So maintain a healthy lifestyle to have a healthy body. Above is the information about diabetes that Dr. Binh Tele_Clinic synthesizes, hopes to bring you the basic knowledge to prevent this silent disease.
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